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Full Human Body Part Name Full Detail
Head and Neck:
- Skull: Bony structure that protects the brain and supports the face.
- Scalp: The skin and hair-covered part of the head, extending from the forehead to the nape of the neck.
- Forehead: The area of the face above the eyes and below the hairline.
- Temples: The sides of the head, in line with the eyes.
- Eyebrows: Arched patches of hair above the eyes that help protect them from sweat and debris.
- Eyelids: Thin folds of skin that cover and protect the eyes, and can open and close.
- Eyes: Organs of vision that detect light and transmit visual information to the brain.
- Pupils: Dark circular openings in the center of the eyes that regulate the amount of light entering.
- Iris: Colored part of the eye surrounding the pupil.
- Sclera: White, tough outer layer of the eye.
- Cornea: Transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
- Conjunctiva: Thin, clear membrane that covers the front surface of the eye and inner surface of the eyelids.
- Ears: Organs responsible for hearing and maintaining balance.
- Outer Ear: Visible part of the ear, consisting of the pinna (auricle) and ear canal.
- Middle Ear: Cavity containing the eardrum and three small bones (ossicles) that transmit sound vibrations.
- Inner Ear: Fluid-filled structure consisting of the cochlea (responsible for hearing) and vestibular system (responsible for balance).
- Nose: Prominent facial feature involved in smelling and breathing.
- Nostrils: Paired openings at the base of the nose through which air enters.
- Nasal Cavity: Hollow space inside the nose that warms, moistens, and filters the inhaled air.
- Sinuses: Air-filled cavities connected to the nasal cavity that help lighten the skull and produce mucus.
- Cheeks: Soft fleshy areas on the sides of the face, between the eyes and the jaw.
- Mouth: Cavity in the lower part of the face that is used for eating, speaking, and breathing.
- Lips: Fleshy, movable folds surrounding the mouth.
- Teeth: Hard structures embedded in the jaw, used for biting, chewing, and speaking.
- Gums: Soft tissues surrounding the base of the teeth.
- Tongue: Muscular organ in the mouth responsible for taste, swallowing, and speech.
- Uvula: Small, fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate.
- Tonsils: Lymphoid tissue masses on both sides of the throat, involved in immune responses.
- Palate: Roof of the mouth, consisting of the hard palate (front) and soft palate (back).
- Throat: Passage connecting the mouth and nasal cavity to the esophagus and larynx.
- Shoulders: Ball-and-socket joints connecting the arms to the torso.
- Collarbone (Clavicle): Bone connecting the shoulder blades to the sternum.
- Shoulder Blades (Scapulae): Triangular bones on the upper back.
- Arms: Upper limbs extending from the shoulders to the hands.
- Upper Arms: Part of the arm between the shoulders and the elbows.
- Elbows: Hinge joints connecting the upper and lower arms.
- Forearms: Part of the arm between the elbows and the wrists.
- Wrists: Joints connecting the hands to the forearms.
- Hands: Upper extremities with palms and fingers.
- Palms: Fleshy inner surfaces of the hands.
- Fingers: Four digits (excluding the thumb) on each hand, each with three phalanges (bones).
- Thumb: Short, opposable digit on each hand, with two phalanges.
- Nails: Hard coverings on the ends of fingers and toes.
Chest and Abdomen:
- Chest: Upper front part of the torso, housing the heart and lungs.
- Sternum: Flat bone in the center of the chest, connecting the ribs.
- Ribs: Curved bones forming the ribcage, protecting the lungs and other organs.
- Abdomen: Region between the chest and pelvis.
- Abdominal Wall: Muscular wall that encloses and protects the abdominal organs.
- Navel (or belly button): Scar in the center of the abdomen, marking the site of the umbilical cord attachment.
- Back: Rear part of the torso, extending from the neck to the buttocks.
- Spine (or Vertebral Column): Flexible column of bones (vertebrae) extending from the skull to the pelvis.
- Vertebrae: Individual bones comprising the spinal column, providing support and protecting the spinal cord.
- Coccyx (Tailbone): Small, triangular bone at the base of the spine.
Pelvis and Hips:
- Pelvis: Bony structure forming the base of the spine and supporting the upper body.
- Hips: Bony prominence on each side of the pelvis.
- Buttocks: Muscular area on the backside, formed by the gluteal muscles.
- Legs: Lower limbs extending from the hips to the feet.
- Thighs: Upper part of the legs, between the hips and knees.
- Knees: Hinge joints connecting the thighs and lower legs.
- Patella (Kneecap): Flat, triangular bone covering the front of the knee joint.
- Shins: Front part of the lower legs, between the knees and ankles.
- Calves: Muscular part of the lower legs, located at the back.
- Ankles: Joints connecting the feet and lower legs.
- Feet: Lower extremities with soles and toes.
- Soles: Bottom surfaces of the feet.
- Toes: Five digits on each foot, with three phalanges (bones) each.
- Arch: Curved structure on the underside of the foot, supporting body weight.
- Heels: Back part of the feet, providing support and cushioning.
- Achilles Tendon: Tendon connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone.
- Brain: Complex organ inside the skull, responsible for processing information and controlling bodily functions.
- Cerebrum: Largest part of the brain, responsible for conscious thought, memory, and voluntary actions.
- Cerebellum: Part of the brain responsible for coordination, balance, and skilled movements.
- Brainstem: Lower part of the brain connecting the spinal cord to the rest of the brain, controlling basic functions like breathing and heart rate.
- Heart: Muscular organ that pumps oxygenated blood throughout the body.
- Lungs: Pair of respiratory organs responsible for inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide.
- Liver: Large, reddish-brown organ involved in digestion, metabolism, and detoxification.
- Gallbladder: Small, pear-shaped organ that stores and releases bile, aiding in digestion.
78. Stomach: Muscular organ where food is broken down and partially digested.
- Small Intestine: Long, coiled tube where the majority of digestion and nutrient absorption occurs.
- Large Intestine (Colon): Last part of the digestive system, responsible for absorbing water and forming feces.
- Pancreas: Glandular organ that produces digestive enzymes and regulates blood sugar levels.
- Spleen: Organ involved in filtering blood, storing red blood cells, and supporting the immune system.
- Kidneys: Pair of bean-shaped organs that filter waste products from the blood and regulate fluid balance.
- Bladder: Organ that stores urine until it is eliminated from the body.
- Reproductive Organs: Male and female organs involved in reproduction, including the testes, ovaries, uterus, and genitals.
- Adrenal Glands: Pair of endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys, producing hormones that regulate stress response and metabolism.